Auditory representational system
When we remember using the auditory representational system, we do it with a sequence and an order. In an exam, for example, the student who mentally sees a book’s page can go from one point to the next without wasting time, because he’s seeing all the information at the same time. However, the auditory student needs to listen to his mental recording step by step. The students who memorize aurally can’t afford to miss a word, because they don’t know how to continue. It’s like a gap in a CD. On the contrary, a visual student who forgets a word doesn’t have much trouble, because he can still see the rest of the text or the information.
The auditory system doesn’t allow one to relate concepts or to elaborate abstract concepts with the same ease that the visual system does, and it’s not as fast. It is, however, important when it comes to learning languages, and naturally, when it comes to learning music.
Auditory students learn better when they receive verbal explanations, and when they can talk and communicate that information to someone else.
Kinetics representational system
When we process information and associate it with sensations and movements and to our body, we’re using the kinetics representational system. Naturally, we use this system when we learn a sport, but we also use it for many other activities. For example, many teachers say that when they correct their students’ exercises, they can physically tell if something is right or wrong, or that misspellings bother them physically. Typing is another way of kinetics learning. People who type well don’t need to look at the keyboard to see where each letter is, and if you ask them where the letter is located, they might have a difficult time answering, but their fingers know what they have to do.
Learning to use the kinetics system is a slow process, much slower than using the other two systems: visual and auditory. You need more time to learn to touch-type than you do to memorize the list of letters and symbols that appear on the keyboard.
Kinetics learning is also deep. We can learn a list of words and forget it the next day, but when you learn to ride a bike, you never forget it. Once our body learns to do something, once we learn it with our muscular memory, it’s very difficult to forget it.
Students who prefer the kinetics system therefore need more time than other students. We usually say they are slow, but that slowness has nothing to do with a lack of intelligence, only with their different way of learning.
Kinetics students learn when they do things like lab experiments or projects. Kinetics students need to move. When they study, they often walk or move from side to side to satisfy that need for movement. In the classroom, they try to find any excuse to get up and move.