To determine what our tendencies are, we need to analyze the way in which we teach from the representational systems’ point of view. If we once again make a list of the activities we use in the classroom the most, and we classify them according to the representational system(s), are they equally distributed? Or do we tend to use one system more than others?
As a general rule, in any group of students we can find all kinds of learning styles. If our teaching style matches our students’ style, their learning will be far easier.
Observing our students’ behavior can give us plenty of information about their preferred way of learning. The way we think about and process information is reflected in our behavior. In the table for representational systems and behavior, we get some general advice about the type of behavior usually associated with the different representational systems.
The study techniques form a guided methodology for the way of studying, for the guidelines to follow on the process, for how to start a study session in the best possible way and the development of it by using concrete techniques: Reading, summarizing, creating a diagram.
The students should know all the available study methods and then, choose the one that fits them better. This way, we personalize the way of studying and adapt it better to the other habits and abilities. For example, if someone has the ability of synthesizing, the summary can be beneficial. When, in a different case, the person captures the graphic information, the best method could be the visual study.
When the study techniques are not introduced within the academic plan of the school, then the students should take the initiative of doing a course in some institute specialized on this type of knowledge during their extracurricular time, or do an intensive course during their holidays period. The objectives that the students should pursue before starting a course for the learning of study methods and techniques are:
- To identify all the factors which favor the study.
- To improve their level of attention, concentration and memory.
- To learn how o organize their school homework and make a schedule.
- To increase their level of understanding and acquiring of knowledge.
- To make the most of the effort put into improving their general performance.
These basic objectives should be present in the elaboration of a personal program of studying techniques, that needs to include three fundamental aspects:
- The physical condition of the students and the conditions of the place for studying
- The planning and organization of the real available time
- The knowledge of the basic techniques that favor the study