Out of the eight types of intelligence described by Howard Gardner, two are related to our ability to understand human emotions. Interpersonal intelligence is determined by our ability to understand other people, and intrapersonal intelligence is determined by our ability to understand ourselves.
Daniel Goleman groups both types of intelligence under the banner of emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is our ability to understand our emotions and other people’s emotions. Emotional intelligence determines, for example, our ability to resist frustration, confusion and our way to react to adversity. So, our learning ability is closely related to our emotional intelligence.